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# A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z | Submit a note
There are currently 88 notes in this directory beginning with the letter N.
N

Node

Any participant in the blockchain network connected to peers with the capability of validation and propagation of new blocks is referred to as a node. A full node generally features the complete state of the blockchain. On the other hand, a light node features adequate block data for validation of the chain, albeit without the complete state data related to every block.


Network

The set of actors interconnected collectively for achieving a single purpose is referred to as a network.


numinous
Relating to religious belief.
Submitted by: vocab

Nagaru Tanigawa

Naomi Klein (1)
Governments are now using fabrication of grassroots support for policies on social media, creating a closed loop in which the regime essentially endorses itself, leaving independent groups and ordinary citizens on the outside.
Submitted by: American Writer

Napoleon Bonaparte (1)
Religion is what keeps the poor from murdering the rich.
Submitted by: French Military Leader (1769-1821)

Napoleon Bonaparte (2)
When a government is dependent upon bankers for money, they and not the leaders of the government control the situation, since the hand that gives is above the hand that takes Money has no motherland; financiers are without patriotism and without decency; their sole object is gain.
Submitted by: French Military Leader (1769-1821)

Nasal Saline Irrigation: Hospitalizations in COVID-19 Randomized to Alkalinization or Povidone-iodine
Submitted by: medrxiv.org

Natalie “May” Edwards - Whistleblower

Natalie "May" Edwards - Who Leaked Secret Documents To BuzzFeed - Triggering A Massive Global Investigation, Now In Prison @ Buzzfeed Article by David Mack.

Submitted by: 9th Grade

Nathan Filer
Some madness doesn't act mad to begin with, sometimes it will knock politely at the door, and when you let it in, it'll simply sit in the corner without a fuss -and grow.

Nathanael West

Nature: Indian Ghost Pipe

Indian Ghost Pipe also known as Indian Ghost Pipe, wildflower is rare, mystical and appears above ground just one week each year.

Submitted by: Nature

Necessity is the plea for every infringement of human freedom. It is the argument of tyrants; it is the creed of slaves.

Spoken in the House of Commons (18-Nov-1783). Based on the original lines in John Milton's Paradise Lost (Book IV, Line 393): "And with necessity, / The tyrant's plea, / excus'd his devilish deeds"


Neil deGrass Tyson
There’s as many atoms in a single molecule of your DNA as there are stars in the typical galaxy. We are, each of us, a little universe.
Submitted by: American Astronomer (1958-)





Neuroscience: How Brain Process What We See
Submitted by: Neuroscience

Neuroscience: Attention Lateralization
Comparative vertebrate lateralization @ LINK.
Submitted by: Neuroscience

Neuroscience: Bird Brain Lateralization
Functional and structural comparison of visual lateralization in birds – similar but still different @ LINK.
Submitted by: Neuroscience

Neuroscience: Brain Hemisphere Research
Specialisation of function in the Human Brain Estimated By Intrinsic Hemispheric Interaction @ jneurosci.org.

Submitted by: Neuroscience

Neuroscience: Corpus Callosum Lateralisation
The architecture of functional lateralisation and its relationship to callosal connectivity in the human brain @ LINK.
Submitted by: Neuroscience

Neuroscience: Early Brain Development
Key processes in early brain development revealed @ LINK.
Submitted by: Neuroscience

Neuroscience: Foetal Learning Before and After Birth
An Examination of Foetal Learning Before and After Birth @ LINK - Study.
Submitted by: Neuroscience

Neuroscience: Numenta - Advancing Machine Intelligence with Neuroscience
Developing machine intelligence through neocortical theory @ NUMENTA.COM website for Advancing Machine Intelligence with Neuroscience
Submitted by: Neuroscience

Neuroscience: Left Right Brain Hemisphere Behaviour
Left and right brain-oriented hemisity subjects show opposite behavioural preferences

LINK.

Submitted by: Neuroscience

Neuroscience: Memory Restored in Aged Mice

Memory Restored in Aged Mice by Modifying the Brain’s ECM

Components of the extracellular matrix control how synapses function.
Submitted by: Neuroscience

Neuroscience: Modular Consciousness
Modular Consciousness and the Dual Quadbrain @ LINK.
Submitted by: Neuroscience

Neuroscience: New Language Brain
Learning a new language changes the brain's division of labour @ LINK.
Submitted by: Neuroscience

Neuroscience: New Role For Specific Brain Regions
Submitted by: Neuroscience

Neuroscience: Plasticity of Language Systems
Converging Evidence for Differential Specialisation and Plasticity of Language Systems @ LINK.
Submitted by: Neuroscience

Neuroscience: Qualia
Qualia are defined as individual instances of subjective, conscious experience @ LINK.
Submitted by: Neuroscience

Neuroscience: Quining Qualia
Daniel Dennett Quining Qualia @ LINK.
Submitted by: Neuroscience

Neuroscience: Notes on Brain Neural Networks
What is the Zygote algorithm for building brains?What is biological intelligence?What is human intelligence?AI neural networks are all learning to fulfill connectivity. But aren't they still driven by human systems, to create context for the neural networks true/false criteria to reach an objective?Robin Hiesinger RI video:1943 The Artificial Neuron (McCullough and Pitt) compare to biological neuron in all its complexity1957 "Perceptron" Marvin MinskyNeumann architectureDecision making treesSymbol processing logic2006 Minsky - "AI has no common sense"2011/2012 Deep Neural Network and Big Data: Darwinian against A WorldMultilayer - AND OR XORConnectivity: improve architecture like modelling the cortexBut more advances byLearning: self learning - reinforcement learningAlphaGo paradigm - no learning per se (DATA) but man made because it's given context: criteria for win/loseMUIZERO latest iteration of AlphaGoSymbol processing logic -- neural networksData feeding - deep learning self learningStill no genome in the mix.Not even a butterfly brain, which grows in a butterfly from the genome.Arguments for no genome:Learning changed network connectivity, training replaces growth; training order matters; much time much energy requiredHuman brain has 100,000,000,000 neuronsFruitfly brain has 100,000 neuronsNematode worm has 302 neuronsFully neuronally mappedNeuromodulator - chemical (which?) realeased at one end, received at other end -No working connectome diagram - unlike electrical diagram which works150 Where does the information from? Genome + Energy thru Natural Selection Feedback from Proteins + Time = growing brains not describing it, i.e. information independentNatural Neural Selection can't be predicted but doesn't have to be because it operates blind watchmaker on only outcome instancesAlgorithmic Information Theory - just as I wrote above. Compressed information. (Ray Solomonoff)https://playgameoflife.com100x100 board random squares either live, dead or empty.Any live cell with 2 or 3 neighbors survivesAny dead cell with 3 neighbors becomes a live cellAll other cells die. Dead cells stay dead.Cellular Automaton 1DAlgorithmic Growth Unfolding InformationRule 110. Matthew Cook + Steven Wolfram = Universal Turing Machine (over time, all possibilities represented, unpredictable ... Hash?)Action potential: variable, multi directional, multi +/- only excites at +X only inhibits at -Y(Wolfram's A New Kind of Science)Algorithmic Growth for Neural networks:No shortcuts to time and energyCan't be predicted or calculated. Only built by evolution.But computers can at least apply a faster rate of a Darwinian selection points: the crunch!Field Ultimates:Artificial General Intelligence Grown and/or Trained, different scales, different Darwinian criteriaNo shortcuts to self-assembling brainHeisinger Lab - self-assembling brain.
Submitted by: Neuroscience

Neuroscience: Synaptic Dopamine
Synaptic Dopamine reuptake and degradation @ LINK.
Submitted by: Neuroscience

Neuroscience: Standardized Neuro-Psychomotor Assessment
Laterality and Lateralization in Autism Spectrum Disorder, Using a Standardized Neuro-Psychomotor Assessment @ LINK.
Submitted by: Neuroscience

Neuroscience: Thousand Brains Theory of Intelligence
Neuroscience: Thousand Brains Theory of Intelligence @ numenta.com summary definition.
Submitted by: Neuroscience

Neuroscience: Consciousness Thought
Consciousness persistence, chemical balance matters but if chemistry from moment A to A+1 changes little, the spell isn't broken. Sudden changes to general brainchemistry will break it, though if state is thereafter consistent, spell reasserts. It's only strong a associated memories that are parsed against current brainchemistry. If the memories  evoke contradictory chemistry, it'll feel wrong, artificial, unabsorbing. Orgasm makes a paradigm shift in brainchemistry, hence buyer's remorse (!)? Drugs and alcohol can do the same, hence in part the allure.
Submitted by: Neuroscience

Neuroscience: Lateralization In Vertebrate Brains
Lateralization in vertebrates: Its early evolution, general pattern, and development @ LINK to article in sciencedirect journal.
Submitted by: Neuroscience

Neuroscience: Lateralization of Language in Brains
From Acoustic Segmentation to Language Processing: Evidence from Optical Imaging @ LINK article published at researchgate website.
Submitted by: Neuroscience

Neuroscience: Lateralization Architecture Human Callosal Connectivity
The architecture of functional lateralisation and its relationship to callosal connectivity in the human brain @ LINK to article published in nature.com journal.
Submitted by: Neuroscience

Neuroscience: Handedness in Healthy Humans Brains
Handedness and hemispheric language dominance in healthy humans @ LINK to article published by Oxford University Press.
Submitted by: Neuroscience

Neuroscience: Corpus Callosum and Autism
Corpus Callosum and Autism @ LINK to study as reported on mappingignorance.org website.
Submitted by: Neuroscience

Neuroscience: Brain Lateralization: A Comparative Perspective
Brain Lateralization: A Comparative Perspective @ LINK published on physiology.org peer-review.
Submitted by: Neuroscience

Neuroscience: Autism Lateralization Meta-Analysis
Autism, lateralisation, and handedness: A review of the literature and meta-analysis @ LINK.
Submitted by: Neuroscience

Neuroscience: How Computationally Complex Is a Single Neuron? (2-Sept-2021)

How Computationally Complex Is a Single Neuron? @ Quanta Magazine Article.

Submitted by: Neuroscience

Neuroscience: Corpus Callosum + Synapse Definitions
Encyclopedia Britannica Online - Corpus Callosum and Synapse useful definitions.
Submitted by: Neuroscience

Neuroscience: Contralateral Control Mechanisms
The evolution of contralateral control of the body by the brain: Is it a protective mechanism? @ LINK to article.
Submitted by: Neuroscience

Neuroscience: Synaptic Development Articles

Study overturns age-old theory of brain learning @ Medical News Today article.

New research to radically alter our understanding of synaptic development @ Oxford University news.

Choline. A Critical Micronutrient for Baby's Brain Development in Pregnancy @ a8h.com article from Australia.

Imaging in vivo acetylcholine release in the peripheral nervous system with a fluorescent nanosensor @ PNAS.org article.

Staphylococcal Plasmids, Transposable and Integrative Elements @ American School of Microbiology article.

CNS neurons Ependymal cells (inner lining of ventricles, make CSF) Oligodendrocytes Astrocytes @ quizlet.com flashcards on Neurology.

Synaptopathy @ DEFINITION from Wikipedia.

Ideas That Will Change The World (2018) @ Roshawn Terrell Blog post.

Submitted by: Neuroscience

Neuroscience: Spatial Intelligence in Multiple Intelligences Theory

WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE on Spatial Intelligence based on the pseudo-scientific meta-ideas of multiple intelligences theory. The theory proposes the differentiation of human intelligence into specific “modalities of intelligence”, rather than defining intelligence as a single, general ability. The theory has been criticized by mainstream psychology for its lack of empirical evidence, and its dependence on subjective judgement.

Submitted by: Neuroscience

Neuroscience: callosal connectivity in the human brain
The architecture of functional lateralisation and its relationship to callosal connectivity in the human brain @ LINK published in nature.com journal.
Submitted by: Neuroscience

Neuroscience: Advantages of a Lateralized Brain
Advantages of a Lateralized Brain @ PAPER published by peer-reviewed Royal Society.
Submitted by: Neuroscience

Neuroscience: Brain Lateralization: Comparative Perspective
Comparative Perspective on brain lateralization meta-study @ STUDY published at physiology.org journal.
Submitted by: Neuroscience

Neuroscience: Asymmetry Visual Lateralization
Asymmetry pays: visual lateralization improves discrimination success in pigeons @ STUDY published on cell.com
Submitted by: Neuroscience

New Medical Treatments
Submitted by: medicalxpress.com

New York Times: Character Assassin of Orthodontists Dr Mews (20-Aug-2020)

How Two British Orthodontists Became Celebrities to Incels - The Mews, a father-son team of orthodontists, have an unusual theory about the source of crooked teeth — one that has earned them a following in some of the darker corners of the internet (20-Aug-2020) @ NYT Hit Piece article. Useful both for its information and as a paradigm of current "Cathedral" propaganda tactics.

Submitted by: 10th Grade

New York Times Co. v. Sullivan, 376 U.S. 254 (1964)

To sustain a claim of defamation or libel, the First Amendment requires that the plaintiff show that the defendant knew that a statement was false or was reckless in deciding to publish the information without investigating whether it was accurate.

The First Amendment as it relates to libel laws, is that seditious libel – criticism of government and public officials – falls beyond the police power of the State [273-276]. In a democratic society such as ours, the citizen has the privilege of criticizing his government and its officials.

Submitted by: US Supreme Court

News: London Freedom Weekend
London Freedom Weekend @ LINK.
Submitted by: News

NewsBud Alt-Media Site
  • NewsBud: "Where Integrity Matters"
    • NewsBud billed itself as an independent news, analyses and multimedia portal. It exposed establishment hypocrisy and neoliberal criminality among other challenges to vested interest orthodoxy
    • Sibel Edmonds is founder, editor and publisher of Newsbud, founder and president of the National Security Whistleblowers Coalition (NSWBC)
    • NewsBud was closed down 30-Jul-2021
    Submitted by: NewsBud

    Nick Bostrom (10-Mar-1973)
    Swedish-born philosopher at the University of Oxford known for his work on existential risk, the anthropic principle, human enhancement ethics, superintelligence risks, and the reversal test. See nickbostrum.com home page.
    Submitted by: artificial intelligence philosopher

    Nick Land (17-Jan-1962)
    English philosopher, theorist, short story writer and blogger. He has been described as "the father of accelerationism", and was a leader of the 1990s collective Cybernetic Culture Research Unit after its original founder cyberfeminist theorist Sadie Plant departed from it. See Nick Land Wikiquote.
    Submitted by: philosopher alt-right accelerationist

    NIH Admits Gain-of-Function Research with Dr Fauci
    Submitted by: vanityfair.com

    Nikolai Bezroukov
    Russian academic and covert agent prosecuting anti-Neoliberal pro-Russian affairs. Host of the Soft Panorama website.
    Submitted by: academic covert agent

    Nikolai Gogol


    NLP: Reid Technique


    no true Scotsman

    No true Scotsman (appeal to purity) is an informal fallacy in which one attempts to protect their universal generalisation from a falsifying counterexample by excluding the counterexample improperly. Rather than abandoning the falsified universal generalisation or providing evidence that would disqualify the falsifying counterexample, a slightly modified generalisation is constructed ad-hoc to definitionally exclude the undesirable specific case and counterexamples like it by appeal to rhetoric - emotionally charged but nonsubstantive purity platitudes - like "true, pure, genuine, authentic, real" etc. In short: an "ad hoc rescue" of a refuted generalization attempt.

    Simplified rendition of the fallacy:

    • Person A: "No Scotsman puts sugar on his porridge."
    • Person B: "But my uncle Angus is a Scotsman and he puts sugar on his porridge."
    • Person A: "But no true Scotsman puts sugar on his porridge."

    Appeal to purity is used here to protect/elevate a preferred group. "No true Scotsman would do XYZ" or "Only in Scotland would there be XYZ".

    Submitted by: term

    Noam Chomsky (4)
    Control of thought is more important for governments that are free and popular than for despotic and military states. The logic is straightforward: a despotic state can control its domestic enemies by force, but as the state loses this weapon, other devices are required to prevent the ignorant masses from interfering with public affairs, which are none of their business…the public are to be observers, not participants, consumers of ideology as well as products.
    Submitted by: American Linguist (1928-)

    Noam Chomsky (7-Dec-1928)
    American linguist, philosopher, cognitive scientist, historian, social critic, and political activist. Sometimes called "the father of modern linguistics", Chomsky is also a major figure in analytic philosophy and one of the founders of the field of cognitive science. See chomsky.info for Professor Chomsky's personal website.
    Submitted by: anti-corruption social democratic academic linguist

    Noam Chomsky (9)
    For those who stubbornly seek freedom, there can be no more urgent task than to come to understand the mechanisms and practices of indoctrination. These are easy to perceive in the totalitarian societies, much less so in the system of 'brainwashing under freedom' to which we are subjected and which all too often we serve as willing or unwitting instruments.
    Submitted by: American Linguist (1928-)

    Noam Chomsky (8)
    I think there is a good reason why the propaganda system works that way. It recognises that the public will not support the actual policies. Therefore it is important to prevent any knowledge or understanding of them.
    Submitted by: American Linguist (1928-)

    Noam Chomsky (7)
    There is massive propaganda for everyone to consume. Consumption is good for profits and consumption is good for the political establishment.
    Submitted by: American Linguist (1928-)

    Noam Chomsky (6)
    All over the place, from the popular culture to the propaganda system, there is constant pressure to make people feel that they are helpless, that the only role they can have is to ratify decisions and to consume.
    Submitted by: American Linguist (1928-)

    Noam Chomsky (5)
    Students who acquire large debts putting themselves through school are unlikely to think about changing society. When you trap people in a system of debt . they can’t afford the time to think. Tuition fee increases are a ‘disciplinary technique,’ and, by the time students graduate, they are not only loaded with debt, but have also internalised the ‘disciplinarian culture.’ This makes them efficient components of the consumer economy.
    Submitted by: American Linguist (1928-)

    Noam Chomsky (3)
    The smart way to keep people passive and obedient is to strictly limit the spectrum of acceptable opinion, but allow very lively debate with that spectrum.
    Submitted by: American Linguist (1928-)

    Noam Chomsky (2)
    I’m not saying you’re self-censoring. I’m sure you believe everything you say. But what I’m saying is if you believed something different you wouldn’t be sitting where you’re sitting.
    Submitted by: American Linguist (1928-)

    Noam Chomsky (11)
    Propaganda is to a democracy what the bludgeon is to a totalitarian state.
    Submitted by: American Linguist (1928-)

    Noam Chomsky (10)
    I think there is a good reason why the propaganda system works that way. It recognises that the public will not support the actual policies. Therefore it is important to prevent any knowledge or understanding of them.
    Submitted by: American Linguist (1928-)

    Noam Chomsky (1)
    I think it only makes sense to seek out and identify structures of authority, hierarchy, and domination in every aspect of life, and to challenge them; unless a justification for them can be given, they are illegitimate, and should be dismantled, to increase the scope of human freedom.
    Submitted by: American Linguist (1928-)

    Noam Chomsky
    Everybody's worried about stopping terrorism. Well, there's a really easy way: stop participating in it.
    Submitted by: American Linguist

    Non-Fungible Token (NFT)

    NFT is a token that doesn’t have any equal token i.e. considered to be a unique digital asset. READ MORE

    "
    Submitted by: 101blockchains.com

    Norman Mailer

    normanfinkelstein.com

    Norman G Finkelstein Blog. Norm Finkelstein received his PhD from the Princeton University Politics Department in 1988. He is the author of ten books that have been translated into 50 foreign editions, including THE HOLOCAUST INDUSTRY: Reflections on the exploitation of Jewish suffering and, most recently, GAZA: An inquest into its martyrdom.​

    Submitted by: Weltpolitik

    Note: suckers v risk taker competence
    Giving money to the most competent risk-takers best positioned, best at exploiting advantaged position etc: it isn't necessary so bad. Infrastructure project billed at 10x cost, massive profit for the business getting the money. Ideally the infrastructure gets built too. Recipient takes a riskb but if he's judicious discreet enough he won't be exposed/punished so the risk pays off. Payment is funded by the millions of docile disorganized suckers working shit jobs for shit money.
    Submitted by: Note

    Novel: Under the Volcano by Malcolm Lowry
    Under the Volcano by Malcolm Lowry @ PDF E-Book.
    Submitted by: Novel

    NSA: The NSA Files Guardian Newspaper (1-Nov-2013)

    Guardian UK: The NSA Files index of pages and sub-sections on the Guardian newspaper website relating to Snowden revelations and NSA (US) / GCHQ (UK) signals intelligence. Released and collated around November 2013.



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    “A really efficient totalitarian state would be one in which the all-powerful executive of political bosses and their army of managers control a population of slaves who do not have to be coerced, because they love their servitude. To make them love it is the task assigned to ministries of propaganda, newspaper editors and schoolteachers…"