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There are currently 64 notes in this directory beginning with the letter F.


Fiat refers to a nationally adopted currency that has the backing of the government. For example, the US Dollar and Euro are examples of fiat currencies. Fiat currencies are generally favorable due to their traditional applications and legal status.


Fork in the world of blockchain refers to the process of creating a unique network by using the same consensus mechanism or protocols as the previously existing network. Forks could contain the state of the original network or instantiate their own state. You can find two categories of forks such as hard fork and soft fork. The hard fork features permanent incompatibility with the existing network. The soft fork features compatibility with the data on the original chain. READ MORE

Submitted by: 101blockchains.com


Founded in 2004 to extend space for critical discussions on contempoary art, Fillip is a Vancouver-based publishing organization.

Submitted by: Spaces

To steal ideas from one person is plagiarism; to steal from many is research.


Fintech word is a combination of two terms finance and technology. The combined term Fintech refers to a business that involves the use of technology for the automation or enhancement of financial services and processes.

F M Cornford
Propaganda is that branch of the art of lying which consists in nearly deceiving your friends without quite deceiving your enemies.

Facebook Censorship: Rule Changes and Data Grift
Submitted by: Facebook

Fact Sheet and Index for Circadian Rhythms
Circadian Rhythms on nih.gov website
Submitted by: Circadian Rhythms

Fair Observer
"Fair Observer is an independent, nonprofit media organization that engages in citizen journalism and civic education."
  • Neoliberal liberal-left bullshit archetype: ostensibly independent democratic socialist but mainstream news tracking, proliferating plutocratic orthodox spin with high-handed professionalism.
  • Bullshit Spigot Rating: A-
  • Submitted by: fairobserver.com

    Federal Socialism

    Put aside all that bs you've inculcated about divide and gaslight and whatever. It's getting in the way of understanding both what I'm saying and what you're missing about what military budget is. I'll try to be more clear. 280 character Twitter isn't good for nuance.

    So. Your original point was that the USPS shouldn't be judged only by profit criteria. You identify $750B - a huge sum - as annual military budget. Taxpayer money.

    While the American people don't make profit on military expenditure, we don't expect profitable because we know military is vital to the country. It defends all of us, taxpayers included.

    Like military, USPS plays an essential role. If it's an expense, it's for the national good. It may be publicly subsidized by taxes but it's ultimately serving the American taxpayer, i.e. all of us. USPS profitability should be treated same as military: not what matters most.

    And serving the American people matters because military budget is funded by us. Most tax revenue comes from working and middle class Americans. People like you and me give nearly 24c of every tax dollar to pay for the military. Works out at just over 60 days of the average American's working year.

    OK so far?

    Submitted by: Federal Socialism

    Federico Fellini

    Felipe Andres Coronel (1)
    This is the point of no return I could never go back. Life without parole up state shackled and trapped Living in the hole, lookin’ at the world through a crack But fuck that, I’d rather shoot it out and get clapped I’ve gone too far, there ain’t no coming back for me Auschwitz gas chamber full of Zyklon-B Just like the Spanish exterminating Tainos Raping the black and Indian women Creating Latinos.
    Submitted by: Peruvian-American Artist

    Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN)

    FINCEN is the U.S. federal agency that investigates and prosecutes finance-related crimes, like money laundering. The rules and regulations of FinCEN cover many points related to the use of cryptocurrency.

    Fixation on Minor Airplane Carbon Emissions
    Aviation emissions are a complete misdirection when it comes to battling climate change and human-origin carbon footprint. Headline articles railing against plane travel propagate to divert attention away from the industries with significantly larger footprint but, because regulating could be government/business policy TODAY, status quo enablers work to keep public pressure away from pushing legislative action to curb their profitable pollution.
    Submitted by: Environmentalism

    Flannery O'Connor
    The truth does not change according to our ability to stomach it.
    Submitted by: American Writer (1925-1964)

    flying squads


    flying squads are an affinity group of autonomous workers (usually members of a single union or a number of simpatico worker orgs) who carry out actions for the benefit of their labour struggle: helping strikers, defending workers, disrupting capital, fighting back against union-breaker violence, advocating against captured union bureacracy etc.


  • Flying squad pickets and the need for independent workplace groups
  • Jeff Shantz: "Flying Squads and Self Defense Now"
  • New Socialist 2003: Flying Squads and the Crisis of Workers' Self-Organization
  • RAIN4EST Flying Squad Deploys New Blockade to Halt Road Building Into The Last Ancient Forests of Bugaboo Creek
  • Troxler 2006, NCPedia: Flying Squadrons
  • Submitted by: terminology

    Football Heritage

    Imagine, M_ ______, 10 million+ English lads playing and CARING about football, agonies and ecstasies, sometimes in mostly out of organised teams, from reception to teens into adulthood. England has borne the weight of their hope, fear and expectation for 90+ years.

    In fact, personal connection to the ups and downs of England team long ago overflowed into the national mainstream: grannies, mothers, daughters and the middle-class. Not quite the same intensely personal link as English lads (in most cases) but nonetheless one of the most potent engines of shared cultural identity.

    This past decade or so, there has been rapid growth in women football at every level, from girls in school teams to women in pro clubs. England ladies teams are not just a thing, but highly ranked in world competition and some cross-pollination with football fans in the national mainstream too.

    There's a spate of recent headlines on the back of Euro2020.

    • Why should it be England for men's team but England Ladies for women?
    • Why is it 55 Years Since England Last Won referring to 1966 when England women won Euros in 2018?
    • @jessphillips tweeting "I really like the way in most of the reporting they make it clear that this is the first England final in a long time for the men's team."

    She's a virtue signalling cunt.

    Submitted by: Football Heritage

    force majeure
    unforeseeable circumstances that prevent someone from fulfilling a contract -irresistible compulsion or superior strength
    Submitted by: bolx

    Francisco Ferrer
    Governments have ever been known to hold a high hand over the education of the people. They know, better than anyone else, that their power is based almost entirely on the school. Hence, they monopolise it more and more.

    François de La Rochefoucauld
    We only acknowledge small faults in order to make it appear that we are free from great ones.
    Submitted by: French Aristocrat (1613-1680)

    François de La Rochefoucauld
    Hypocrisy is the tribute vice pays to virtue.
    Submitted by: French Aristocrat (1613-1680)

    Frank Dane
    Get all the fools on your side and you can be elected to anything.

    Frank Herbert
    It is not that power corrupts but that power is a magnet to the corruptible.
    Submitted by: American Writer (1920-1986)

    Frank Herbert
    All governments suffer a recurring problem: Power attracts pathological personalities.
    Submitted by: American Writer (1920-1986)

    Frank Zappa (8)
    My best advice to anyone who wants to raise a happy, mentally healthy child is: Keep him or her as far away from a church as you can.
    Submitted by: American Musician (1940-1993)

    Frank Zappa (7)
    The illusion of freedom will continue as long as it's profitable to continue the illusion. At the point where the illusion becomes too expensive to maintain, they will just take down the scenery, they will pull back the curtains, they will move the tables and chairs out of the way and you will see the brick wall at the back of the theatre.
    Submitted by: American Musician (1940-1993)

    Frank Zappa (6)
    Information is not knowledge. Knowledge is not wisdom. Wisdom is not truth...
    Submitted by: American Musician (1940-1993)

    Frank Zappa (5)
    A mind is like a parachute. It doesn't work if it is not open.
    Submitted by: American Musician (1940-1993)

    Frank Zappa (3)
    If you end up with a boring miserable life because you listened to your mom, your dad, your teacher, your priest, or some guy on television telling you how to do your shit, then you deserve it.
    Submitted by: American Musician (1940-1993)

    Frank Zappa (2)
    So many books, so little time. Without deviation from the norm, progress is not possible.
    Submitted by: American Musician (1940-1993)

    Frank Zappa (1)
    Government is the Entertainment division of the military-industrial complex.
    Submitted by: American Musician (1940-1993)

    Frank Zappa (4)
    If you want to get laid, go to college. If you want an education, go to the library.
    Submitted by: American Musician (1940-1993)

    Franklin Delano Roosevelt [FDR]
    We require two safeguards against a return of the evils of the old order. There must be a strict supervision of all banking and credits and investments. There must be an end to speculation with other people's money.
    Submitted by: American President

    Franklin Delano Roosevelt [FDR] (1)
    I had a nice talk with Jack Morgan [banker J.P. Morgan, Jr] the other day and he seemed more worried about [Assistant Secretary of Agriculture Rexford] Tugwell’s speech than about anything else, especially when Tugwell said: ‘From now on property rights and financial rights will be subordinated to human rights.’ The real truth of the matter is, as you and I know, that a financial element in the larger centres has owned the Government ever since the days of Andrew Jackson… The country is going through a repetition of Jackson’s fight with the Bank of the United States – only on a far bigger and broader basis.
    Submitted by: American President (1882-1945)

    Franklin Delano Roosevelt [FDR] (2)
    That, in its essence, is fascism: ownership of government by a group, a corporation or by any other controlling private power cartel.
    Submitted by: American President (1882-1945)

    Franklin Delano Roosevelt [FDR] (3)
    We of the Republic sensed the truth that democratic government has innate capacity to protect its people against disasters once considered inevitable, to solve problems once considered unsolvable. We would not admit that we could not find a way to master economic epidemics just as, after centuries of fatalistic suffering, we had found a way to master epidemics of disease. We refused to leave the problems of our common welfare to be solved by the winds of chance and the hurricanes of disaster. In this we Americans were discovering no wholly new truth; we were writing a new chapter in our book of self-government.
    Submitted by: American President (1882-1945)

    Fred Hampton (8)
    I believe I’m going to die doing the things I was born to do. I believe I’m going to die high off the people. I believe I’m going to die a revolutionary in the international revolutionary proletarian struggle.
    Submitted by: American Activist (1948-1969)

    Fred Hampton (1)
    Black people need some peace. White people need some peace. And we are going to have to fight. We’re going to have to struggle. We’re going to have to struggle relentlessly to bring about some peace, because the people that we’re asking for peace, they are a bunch of megalomaniac warmongers, and they don’t even understand what peace means.
    Submitted by: American Activist (1948-1969)

    Fred Hampton (9)
    First of all, we say primarily that the priority of this struggle is class. That Marx, and Lenin, and Che Guevara end Mao Tse-Tung and anybody else that has ever said or knew or practiced anything about revolution, always said that revolution is a class struggle.
    Submitted by: American Activist (1948-1969)

    Fred Hampton (7)
    I’m telling you that we’re living in an infectious society right now. I’m telling you that we’re living in a sick society. And anybody that endorses integrating into this sick society before it’s cleaned up is a man who’s committing a crime against the people.
    Submitted by: American Activist (1948-1969)

    Fred Hampton (6)
    Socialism is the people! Are you afraid of yourself? If you afraid of socialism, you afraid of yourself.”,American Activist (1948-1969)"

    Fred Hampton (5)
    We’re going to fight racism not with racism, but we’re going to fight with solidarity. We say we’re not going to fight capitalism with black capitalism, but we’re going to fight it with socialism.
    Submitted by: American Activist (1948-1969)

    Fred Hampton (3)
    And how do they fool you? Because they pick the leaders they want. And they put those people up there and portray them as being your leaders when, in fact, they’re leaders of nobody.
    Submitted by: American Activist (1948-1969)

    Fred Hampton (2)
    Why don’t you live for the people? Why don’t you struggle for the people? Why don’t you die for the people?
    Submitted by: American Activist (1948-1969)

    Fred Hampton (12)
    Nothing is more important than stopping Fascism. Because if we don't, Fascism is gonna stop us all.
    Submitted by: American Activist (1948-1969)

    Fred Hampton (11)
    We’re not a racist organisation, because we understand that racism is an excuse used for capitalism, and we know that racism is just – it’s a byproduct of capitalism.
    Submitted by: American Activist (1948-1969)

    Fred Hampton (10)
    I am the people, I’m not the pig. You got to make a distinction. And the people are going to have to attack the pigs. The people are going to have to stand up against the pigs. That’s what the Panthers is doing, that’s what the Panthers are doing all over the world.
    Submitted by: American Activist (1948-1969)

    Fred Hampton (4)
    With no education, you have neocolonialism instead of colonialism, like you’ve got in Africa now and like you’ve got in Haiti.
    Submitted by: American Activist (1948-1969)

    Frederic Bastiat
    When plunder becomes a way of life for a group of men living together in society, they create for themselves in the course of time, a legal system that authorizes it and a moral code that glorifies it.
    Submitted by: French Economist (1801-1850)

    Frederick August Hayek

    Friedrich August von Hayek (8-May-1899 to 23-Mar-1992) was a British-Austrian economist and philosopher who is best known for his defence of classical liberalism. Hayek shared the 1974 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences with Gunnar Myrdal for their work on money and economic fluctuations, and the interdependence of economic, social and institutional phenomena. His account of how changing prices communicate information that helps individuals coordinate their plans is widely regarded as an important achievement in economics, leading to his prize.

    Submitted by: 1899-1992

    Frederick Douglas
    This struggle may be a moral one, or it may be a physical one, and it may be both moral and physical, but it must be a struggle. Power concedes nothing without a demand. It never did and it never will. Find out just what any people will quietly submit to and you have found out the exact measure of injustice and wrong which will be imposed upon them, and these will continue till they are resisted with either words or blows, or with both. The limits of tyrants are prescribed by the endurance of those whom they oppress.
    Submitted by: American Abolitionist (1817-1895)

    Frederick the Great
    I begin by taking. I shall find scholars later to demonstrate my perfect right.
    Submitted by: German Emperor

    Friedrich Nietzsche (1)
    But it is the same with man as with the tree. The more he seeks to rise into the height and light, the more vigorously do his roots struggle earthward, downward, into the dark, the deep – into evil.
    Submitted by: German Philosopher (1844-1900)

    Friedrich Nietzsche
    Shared joys make a friend, not shared sufferings.
    Submitted by: German Philosopher

    Friedrich Nietzsche
    The surest way to corrupt a youth is to instruct him to hold in higher esteem those who think alike than those who think differently.
    Submitted by: German Philosopher

    Friedrich Nietzsche
    Oddly, submission to powerful, frightening, even terrible persons, like tyrants and generals, is not experienced as nearly so painful as is submission to unknown and uninteresting persons - which is what all luminaries of industry are.
    Submitted by: German Philosopher

    Friedrich Rudolf Klein-Rogge
    The ultimate purpose of state crime is to establish an endless empire. It seeks a state of complete insecurity and anarchy, founded upon the tainted ideals of a world thought doomed to annihilation. When humanity, subjugated by the terror of crime, has been driven mad by fear and horror, and when chaos has become the supreme law, then the time for the empire of lawlessness will have come.
    Submitted by: German Actor (1885-1955)

    Friedrich Nietzsche (3)
    The Great Man is colder, harder, less hesitating, and without respect and without the fear of 'opinion'; he lacks the virtues that accompany respect and 'respectability', and altogether everything that is the 'virtue of the herd'. If he cannot lead, he goes alone. He knows he is incommunicable: he finds it tasteless to be familiar. When not speaking to himself, he wears a mask. There is a solitude within him that is inaccessible to praise or blame.
    Submitted by: German Philosopher (1844-1900)

    Friedrich Nietzsche (2)
    What is the task of higher education? To make a man into a machine. What are the means employed? He is taught how to suffer being bored.
    Submitted by: German Philosopher (1844-1900)

    Funding - Research - Academic Grants
    Submitted by: .ai

    Fyodor Dostoevsky

    Fyodor Dostoevsky (1)
    Above all, don't lie to yourself. The man who lies to himself and listens to his own lie comes to a point that he cannot distinguish the truth within him, or around him, and so loses all respect for himself and for others. And having no respect he ceases to love.
    Submitted by: Russian Writer (1821-1881)

    Fyodor Dostoevsky (2)
    Above all, don't lie to yourself. The man who lies to himself and listens to his own lies comes to a point when he cannot distinguish the truth within him, or around him, and so loses all respect for himself and for others.
    Submitted by: Russian Writer (1821-1881)

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    “A really efficient totalitarian state would be one in which the all-powerful executive of political bosses and their army of managers control a population of slaves who do not have to be coerced, because they love their servitude. To make them love it is the task assigned to ministries of propaganda, newspaper editors and schoolteachers…"